A passive construction occurs when you make the object of an action into the subject of a sentence.

Active Voice = Zombies chased her.
Passive Voice = She was chased [by zombies].

Many passive sentences include the actor at the end of the sentence in a “by” phrase, like “The ball was hit by the player” or “The shoe was chewed up by zombies.” “By” by itself isn’t a conclusive sign of the passive voice, but it can prompt you to take a closer look.

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